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3.Human Relations


Human Relations

A. Reading:
The Journey

Yeshe Dorjee Thongchi depicts the human relations in "The journey".
A young man has to return to work after six months leave for his marriage. He feels his trunk heavy. His father carries the trunk along the hilly road. After reaching the bus stop, father asks old shoes. Then young man sees the bare feet of the father. He offers money to buy new pair. But father accepts only old shoes. At the end young man gives his hunting boots. They both start their journey in opposite direction.

The feelings of father and his son play a vital role in this story.

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Lethargy (n) : the state of not having any energy or enthusiasm for doing things
Creeps (v) : develops very slowly
Dilly-dallying (v) : taking a long time to do something, go somewhere or make a decision
Shun (v) : to avoid something or somebody
Dissuade (v) : to convince somebody not to do something
Plight (n) : a difficult and sad situation
guilt (n) : the unhappy feelings caused by knowing that you have done something wrong
Self-consciousness (n): feelings of nervousness about what other people think of you
Contentment (n) : a feeling of happiness or satisfaction
Weary (adj) : very tired

Phrases and Phrasal Verbs
Leave behind (phr.v) : not to take someone with you when you go somewhere
See off (phr.v.) : to go to an airport, station, etc. to say goodbye to someone
Catch up (phr.v.) : to come from behind and reach someone in front of you by going faster
Bare feet (n.phrase) : the feet without chappals or shoes
Pebble-strewn road (n.phrase) : the road over which pebbles are scattered

B. Reading:
Another Woman

Ms. Imtiaz Dharkar wrote the poem "Another woman" in free verse. The poem explains the life of a woman as a slave. Bringing vegetables from the market… cooking… and bearing all humiliation of family members. She has no right at all at home. Here a woman has been tortured by another woman. If one dies another woman comes into the place… always..

Education News

methi (n) : fenugreek
White radish (n) : white and round or finger-shaped vegetable
Extravagance (n) : spending more than necessary in an uncontrolled way

C. Reading:
The Never-Never Nest
This is a one act play of Cedric Mount on middle class mind set. Aunt Jane comes to Jack and Jill’s Villa. They happily show their house and home appliances to the aunt. Aunt surprises to see all these. They explain her about installment procedure. Everything in the house and the house itself are in installment basis. Aunt becomes angry, gives a cheque of 10 pounds and leaves at once. Jill gives the cheque to Nurse and asks her to give the amount to the doctor. To the Jack’s question Jill cries holding the baby and says "Just one more installment and Baby’s really ours!"

Education News
Villa (n) : small house standing in its own garden
cosy(adj.) : warm and comfortable
Shriek (n) : a high loud cry
Exclaim (v) : speak with strong feelings
Thin gummy (n) : a word used in spoken English, when the name of an object has been forgotten
Tartar (n) : an irritable, hard to cope with person
Phew (interj.) : expression of tiredness, shock or relief

Idioms, Phrases and Phrasal Verbs
The Never-Never Nest (idiom) : a house that can never become one’s own.
of course (phr) : used to introduce an idea or action as being obvious or to be expected
As a matter of fact (idiom): actually / in fact
Come to (phr.v) : reach in total / amount to
Good heavens! (phr) : a phrase used to express surprise
Note of hand (phr) : a promissory note
See to (phr.v) : accompany to some place
Pay off (phr.v) : pay completely
Good money (phr) : valuable money
Black out (phr. v.) : ends with lights off

Shun : avoid, elude, eschew, escape, evade
Extravagant : excessive, prodigal, lavish
Absurd : silly, foolish, ridiculous

Guilty x innocent
Recede x advance, proceed
Extravagant x thrifty, frugal
Absurd x rationale, sane


Summative Assessment Paper-1 13E

Time: 2 Hours 45 Minutes
Marks: 40

Section – A:


Reading Comprehension
(Questions 1-7): Read the following excerpt from "The Journey".
After spending a leisurely Sunday at home, the very thought of returning to work on Monday is tiring. Lethargy creeps in if the holiday continues over an extended period. That is how I felt when I was preparing to return to my place of work after spending six months at home. The fact that I was to leave behind my newly-wed wife and go to a far-off place did not help either. Obviously I did not want to go.

However, I finally did decide to go. I did not have much to carry by way of luggage – just a trunk. Ours is a hilly terrain, without any motorable roads – and there is no certainty that we are ever going to have any roads. In any case, while coming home we do not carry bedding. Besides, I had come home this time round for a special purpose: to get married. My parents had arranged my marriage according to the customs of our tribal society. Time flew, and five months into my marriage I realized it. Initially I thought of extending my leave – even taking unpaid leave. But after some dilly-dallying I finally decided against it because marriage had increased my responsibilities and I had got into debt.

 Now, answer the following questions. Each question has four choices. Choose the correct answer and write (A), (B), (C) or (D) in your answer booklet. (4x1=4 marks)

  1. Who arranged the marriage?
    A. Himself
    B. His parents
    C. Villagers
    D. His friends
  2. The expression "dilly-dallying" means
    A. taking longtime to make a decision
    B. thinking unnecessarily
    C. did not want to go
    D. the customs of tribal society
  3. Why did he reluctant to go to his job?
    A. lethargy
    B. can take unpaid leave
    C. increased responsibility
    D. leaving newly-wed wife is difficult
  4. What type of text is the passage?
    A. story
    B. narrative
    C. Play
    D. Essay

    Answer the following questions in two or three sentences. (3x2=6 marks)
  5. He says, ‘Obviously I did not want to go." Why?
  6. What is the special purpose of his visit to the village?
  7. ‘Because marriage had increased my responsibilities" what might be those responsibilities?
    (Questions 8-12): Read the following passage.

    This morning she bought green 'methi' in the market, choosing the freshest bunch; picked up a white radish, imagined the crunch it would make between her teeth, the sweet sharp taste, then put it aside, thinking it an extravagance, counted her coins
    out carefully, tied them, a small bundle into her sari at the waist; came home, faced her mother-in-law's dark looks, took the leaves and chopped them, her hands stained yellow from the juice; cut an onion, fine and cooked the whole thing in the pot over the stove,
    shielding her face from the heat. The usual words came and beat their wings against her: the money spent, curses heaped upon her parents, who had sent her out to darken other people's doors.
    - Ms. Imtiaz Dharkar

    Now, answer the following questions. Each question has four choices. Choose the correct answer and write (A), (B), (C) or (D) in your answer booklet. (3x1=3 marks)
  8. Why did the woman crouch on the floor?
    A. because there is no one to support her
    B. it is a custom in Eastern Countries
    C. because of poverty
    D. in order to protect herself
  9. The phrase ‘as usual’ suggests...
    A. not useful
    B. repeated usage
    C. useless
    D. regular
  10. The symbolism of the poem depicts
    A. a low class woman
    B. a middle class woman
    C a high class woman
    D a feminist

    Write answers for the given questions in one or two sentences (2x1=2 marks)
  11. What does the phrase ‘mother-in-law’s dark looks’ suggest?
  12. "The usual words came and beat.." (line 18). Where did the words come from? Why?

    Section – B:

    Vocabulary & Grammar
    (Questions 13-17): Read the passage given below. Five sentences in the passage are numbered (13-17) at the beginning. Each of these sentences has an error. Correct and rewrite them in the answer booklet. (5x1=5 marks)

    (13) Father wanted to say something or the bus started moving. (14) I saw my father gradually receding in the distance. (15) I saw that the road we had come by look on a giant motionless rope. (16) Father would use the same road go back to home. (17) Simultaneously our journeys started in two opposite directions, with me seated in the luxurious seat of a bus and Father walk back with weary legs on the pebble-strewn road.

    (Questions 18-22): Complete the passage choosing the right word from those given below it. Each blank is numbered and for each blank has four choices (A), (B), (C) or (D) given. Choose the correct answer from these choices and write (A), (B), (C) or (D) in your answer booklet. (5x1=5 marks)

    Kedarnath lived in Uttarakhand. Due to heavy rains, his village was hit by floods. His newly ____________ (18) house fell down and he became ________ (19) less. The Chief Minister visited all the________ (20) hit villages and announced immediate help. However, Kedarnath lost his self______________ (21) and tried to commit suicide by jumping into the flooded river. Some brave and ________ (22) hearted people rescued him risking their lives.
  13. A. constructed
    B. collapsed
    C. sold
    D. seen
  14. A. poverty
    B. penny
    C. rich
    D. gold
  15. A. storm
    B. rain
    C. flood
    D. earthquake
  16. A. estimations
    B. rule
    C. blame
    D. confidence
  18. A. kind
    B. bold
    C. cruel
    D. bright
    Section C:


    Creative Writing

    (Question 23): Read the passage given below.

    Now-a-days, we can easily find children even as young as two years old playing with electronic devices and gadgets anywhere. It is not only the video games that make children stay. It also includes television, mobile phones, computers, tablet computers, PSP (Play Station Portable) games and etc.. Parents may find it easier to make their children stay in one place by giving them a gadget to play with.

    Prepare a conversation on this topic with imaginary characters.
    Write a story on the above topic (10 marks)

    (Question 24) women rights have been violated every day. There is a need to aware the public on this topic. Write a message on women rights. (5 marks)

Paper –I

  1. B
  2. A
  3. D
  4. B
  5. He married and spent six months happily. Now leaving his newly-wed wife and go to far-off place is not a good idea. So he said like that.
  6. He visited his village for a special purpose. He came for his marriage and spent more time.
  7. After marriage he has to look after his wife and old parents. He should earn more money to save for his children.
  8. A
  9. D
  10. B
  11. ‘Mother-in-law’s dark looks’ suggest that she was angry with daughter-in-law that she spent more than needed.
  12. The words come from the heart of mother-in-law to beat daughter-in-law.

  13. Something or the bus - something but the bus
  14. Receding in the distance - receding into the distance
  15. By look on giant - by looked like a giant
  16. To go back to home - to go back home
  17. Walk back with weary legs - walking back with weary legs
  18. A
  19. B
  20. C
  21. D
  22. A

  23. Conversation
    Husband : My dear wife! Doctor suggested that our children should do some physical exercises. So ask them to play in their leisure time. They became fat and obese.
    Wife : Oh dear… Our son is playing foot ball in his room and daughter is playing tennis in bedroom.
    Husband : How can they play these games at home? No sound any where?
    Wife : They are playing those games in their electronic gadgets. Even they are not attending my calls.
    Husband : It is very bad, my dear. Call them. I will explain.
    Children : What Dad?
    Husband : My dear children, you should go and play these games in the ground at this age. Play the real games. These electronic gadgets are not for you any more. Real games make you healthy.
    Children : OK, Dad. Today onwards we will play in the ground. We will play real games.
    Wife : Very good. Now let us have lunch!!

    Real or Electronic
    Ours is a big town. One day a boy joined our school. He came from a remote village. He is not only good at studies but also at sports. In competitions he got many medals. One day after long bell we came out. Suddenly a thief snatched our teacher’s necklace and ran away. We all ran after him. The village boy caught him. Our principal sir called the police to arrest the thief. I understood that this boy has good strength than all our classmates. We all are very weak.
    After many days friendship I asked the boy about his fitness. He said ‘not using electronic gadgets like videogames, PSP is his secret’. He taught me real games. I taught him computers.
  24. Message on Women Rights.
    Dear Friends,
    Men and Women both are equal. Respecting women is our culture. They serve family and the society with invaluable love and affection. But women are not getting equal status in family and in the society. They should get equal share in wealth and opportunities. So we should protect the rights of women. Violating that is a crime and inhuman.
    Be a supporter of this for a better society.

Summative Assessment Paper-II 14E


?? Time: 2 Hours 45 Minutes
Marks: 40

Section – A:
Reading Comprehension
(Questions 1-7): Read the following passage.
Homework has historically been given to students to reinforce what they learn at school, and ultimately to help them learn the material better. However, too much homework is not helpful, and can be counter-productive. Excessive amounts of time spent on completing homework can take away the kid’s social life, family time, and it limit their participation in sports or other activities. The amount of homework a teacher has to give to a student should be restricted.

Critically acclaimed, author Tamim Ansary reports that since 1981, the amount of homework given to an average sixth class child has increase by more than fifty percent. Many people claim that the increase in homework dates as far back as 1957. The new competition that emerged served as an incentive for schools to try to increase the volume of the curriculum. The amount of homework increases with the increase in class.

Many teachers defend large amounts of home work, claiming that it helps to prepare students for a world that is becoming increasingly competitive. However, Dr. Kralovec, author of ‘The End of Homework’, argues that doing homework during high school has little or no effect on successful study skills of the students when they join college.

Now, answer the following questions. Each question has four choices. Choose the correct answer and write (A), (B), (C) or (D) in your answer booklet. (4x1=4 marks)



  1. What is the passage about?
    A. about advantages of homework
    B. about disadvantages of homework
    C. about a book- "Homework"
    D. about Tamim Ansary
  2. Excessive amounts of time spent on homework results ……..
    A. takes away social life
    B. takes away family time
    C. limits the time to participate in sports
    D above all
  3. The reason for increase of homework….
    A. The competition
    B. Child can learn more from homework than school
    C. Self learning
    D. To impress parents
  4. Who is the author of "The End of Homework"?
    A. Tamim Ansary
    B. Dr. Rao
    C. Dr. Kralovec
    D. Amrik Singh

    Answer the following questions in two or three sentences. (3x2=6 marks)
  5. What is the aim of Homework?
  6. How can we replace the homework in schools?
  7. Do you support ‘giving homework"? Why?
    (Questions 8-12): Read the following passage.
    A man went to a cathedral to offer his service. There he noticed a lamp. It was swinging. He closely observed the movements of the lamp. He found out the time of each swing by putting his hand on the pulse – beat as he had no watch. This keen observation led him to the discovery of the principle of pendulum. Later he invented an instrument to measure the pulse-beat. Doctors started using it. Next he dropped two metal balls of different weights from the top of the Leaning Tower in Pisa. He dropped them on to the ground. They landed on the ground at the same time. Do you know who he was? He was none other than Galileo.

    Now, answer the following questions. Each question has four choices. Choose the correct answer and write (A), (B), (C) or (D) in your answer booklet. (3x1=3 marks)
  8. The man in the paragraph is a …………………….
    A. priest
    B. teacher
    C. doctor
    D. scientist
  9. What is the meaning of the word "Service" in the passage?
    A. repair
    B. Helping the poor
    C. prayer
    D. work for the society
  10. If we drop two metal balls of different weights from a height, which one reaches the land first?
    A. heavier one
    B. lighter one
    C. two at same time
    D. depends

    Write answers for the given questions in one or two sentences (2x1=2 marks)
  11. Which one led to the discovery of principle of pendulum?
  12. How did Galileo count the time in his experiments?

    Vocabulary and Grammar
    (Questions 13-17): Read the following passage given below focusing on the underlined parts and answer the questions given at the end as directed. (5x1=5 marks)

    In my opinion some films are responsible (13) for students indiscipline. Students take the story of a film and follow it in their life also. One of my friends named Slaman turned a street rowdy on seeing a film. The artificial (14) fights seem realistic to student community. They try to imitate their favourite heroes. They call themselves fans (15) of particular hero. They waste their time and money. The anti social elements (16) in films really spoil the career of the younger generation. It may not be true regarding all movies. No doubt some films are good containing some ethics and morals. These are, in short, my views on recent films. It is time the producers produced good films which can be enjoyed by all the members of the family. (17)
  13. Choose an appropriate antonym from the given options.
    A. less responsible
    B. irresponsible
    C. No response
    D. response less
  14. Use the correct form of the word.
    A. unnatural
    B. natural
    C. chemical
    D. duplicate
  15. Choose an appropriate synonym from the given options
    A. followers
    B. supporters
    C. admirers
    D. above all
  16. Meaning of the expression "anti social elements"
    A. useful to the society
    B. preliminary society
    C. harmful to the society
    D. not available in the society
  17. The expression means ……………..
    A. Producers should produce good films
    B. Present films produced by the producers are enjoyed by all family members
    C. All members of the family don’t enjoy films
    D. Film production is good and can be enjoyed by all the members of the family

    (Questions 18-22): Complete the passage choosing the right word from those given below it. Each blank is numbered and for each blank has four choices (A), (B), (C) or (D) given. Choose the correct answer from these choices and write (A), (B), (C) or (D) in your answer booklet.
    (5x1=5 marks)

    Once there was a very rich man. His name was Dhanaraju. He had two sons. Ganiraju and Pothuraju. Ganiraju was hardworking and …………………….. (18). He always helped his father in the fields. But Pothuraju was lazy. He never went to fields. He was ……………………. (19) to his father. He always wanted to lead a free, lavish life, so one day he said to his father, "Father, give me my share of property." The father was ………………… (20) He divided the property between his two sons. Pothuraju left home with his share. He went to a …………………. (21) land, made a lot of friends and soon spent all his property ………………….. (22) on friends, food and drinks. All his friends left him.
  18. A. disloyal
    B. dishonest
    C. disobedient
    D. obedient
  19. A. loyal
    B. honest
    C. disobedient
    D. obedient
  20. A. heart-felt
    B. heart-broken
    C. heart-warming
    D. heart less
  21. A. distant
    B. distance
    C. desert
    D. dreary
  22. A. lavish
    B. lavishly
    C. wisely
    D. smartly

    Section C:
    Creative Writing

    (Question 23): We celebrate Teachers Day on 5th September. Write an essay on "Teachers Day"

    Write a news report of Teachers Day celebrations held in your school. (10 marks)
    (Question 24) Imagine that you are a youth leader of your town. You are conducting elocution competition on "Teachers Day". Prepare a poster for it. (5 marks)

Paper – II


  1. B
  2. D
  3. A
  4. C
  5. The aim of home work is to reinforce the students what they learnt at school. And also help them to learn the lessons better.
  6. We cannot discard homework. It is happy to receive if the homework is just like a game to play or fun to do or as a tool to spend with family.
  7. I support giving homework if it is limited, because we can review the lesson at home. Otherwise we will forget the lessons.
  8. D
  9. C
  10. C
  11. Close observation of the lamp in the church led to the discovery of principle of pendulum.
  12. He used his pulse-beat to count the time in his experiments. Then he invented one instrument for it.

  13. B
  14. A
  15. D
  16. C
  17. A
  18. D
  19. C
  20. B
  21. A
  22. B

  23. Essay on ‘Teachers Day’
    The destiny of the nation is being shaped in the classrooms. So there teacher strives to build future society. In India we give top most priority to teacher, next to mother and father. Every year we celebrate Teachers’ day on September 5th.

    Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was our first Vice-President of India (1952-62) and the second President of India from 1962-67. He was a great scholar. He received many award for his outstanding talent. He received Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award in India, in 1954, and honorary membership of the British Royal Order of Merit in 1963. Radhakrishnan believed that "teachers should be the best minds in the country". Since 1962, his birthday is celebrated in India as Teachers’ Day.

    We can get knowledge throw books and internet. But teacher only can guide us to move in right direction. No book or no technology can replace the role of a teacher. There is a decline of values in all fields. Still our society is respecting teachers.

    Due to the competitive world we are not giving importance to moral education. Ethics, discipline life values are degrading. Giving more space to science and technology can make a doctor or engineer. But to make a good human being we should give part of the time to ethical values.

    If we give space to moral education, society definitely respects teachers forever. Teachers are the only hope to protect the society.

    News Report
    Nalgonda, 5th Sept, 2014: "Nations future is being shaped in classrooms. Teachers are the makers of the future" said Mr. Ramesh, D.E.O. of Nalgonda Dist. Today he attended ZPHigh School-Nalgonda Teachers Day celebrations as a chief guest and addressed the gathering. ZPHigh School grandly celebrated the occasion. All the teachers were feleicitated by the students. Former students and former teachers also attended the programme. Headmaster Mr. Rao presided over the function. Welcome song to vote of thanks evertying went excellently. Kumari Pooja’s classical dance, Master Tarun’s canrnatic music, and Michael’s western dance mesmarised the qudience. Senior teachers Rani, Raju and Ravi gave their messages as part of the programme. Instructor Hussain compeered the programme well. Jyothi tendered vote of thanks. Blesses taking ceremony from teachers was heart touching.

  24. Poster on elocution competition

Education News 

Published date : 28 Oct 2023 03:49PM

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