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Production Engineering

Branch overview:
Production engineering is a discipline of engineering dealing with different production practices and the research and development of systems, processes, machines, tools and equipment. It deals with machines that turn raw materials to a new product. Production engineers are responsible for devising exactly how something is going to be made, what machines are going to make it and how it can be made as efficiently and as safely as possible. These products can be anything from newspapers and plastic bottles, to tin cans and iPods. Alternatively, you could even be working to facilitate the transfer of hydrocarbons from oil into the production process. As long as there is a production line and a process, you are likely to find a production engineer close by.

The Production engineering discipline has very frequent overlaps with mechanical engineering, industrial engineering, electrical engineering, electronic engineering, computer science, materials management, and operations management. Production (or Manufacturing) engineers’ success or failure directly influences the advancement of technology and the spread of innovation.

10+2 or intermediate education with EAMCET/AIEEE/JEE for UG programs. The eligibility criteria for pursuing a master’s degree is a bachelor's degree (B.E/B.Tech) or any other equivalent branches of engineering.

Higher education options with the branch:
They can go for higher studies in M.S or Ph.D, or MBA in India or abroad.

M.E /M.Tech or MS can be pursued in the following specializations:
Production, Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM), Machine Tool Engineering, Mechtronics, Automation in Robotics, Flexible Manufacturing Systems (FMS), Advanced Manufacturing and Design, Advanced Manufacturing Systems, CAD/CAM, Automobile Engineering, Aerospace/Aeronautical, Space Technology, Welding and Joining, Robotics, Industrial Engineering, Industrial and System Engineering, Ergonomics, Reliability Engineering., MEMS, Composite Materials, Materials, Nano Science, Nano Technology.

Course Analysis
The undergraduate degree curriculum generally includes courses in Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, C and C++, Engineering Mechanics, Engineering Graphics, Workshop Practice, and specific topics in Mechanical and Production engineering. Initially such topics cover most, if not all, of the sub disciplines of Production engineering. Students then choose to specialize in one or more sub disciplines towards the end of their degree work.

Sub Disciplines: Mechanics, Kinematics, Drafting, Mechatronics, Textile engineering

Production Engineering Certification
In some countries, "professional engineer" is the term for registered or licensed engineers who are permitted to offer their professional services directly to the public. Professional Engineer, abbreviated (PE - USA) or (PEng - Canada), is the designation for licensure in North America. In order to qualify for this license, a candidate needs a bachelor's degree from an ABET recognized university in the USA, a passing score on a state examination, and four years of work experience, usually gained via a structured internship.

Society of Manufacturing Engineers (SME) certifications (USA):
The SME administers qualifications specifically for the manufacturing industry. These are not degree level qualifications and are not recognized at the professional engineering level.

Certified Manufacturing Engineer (CMfgE) is an engineering qualification administered by the Society of Manufacturing Engineers, Dearborn, Michigan, USA. Candidates qualifying for a Certified Manufacturing Engineer credential must pass a four-hour, 180-question multiple-choice exam, which covers more in-depth topics than the CMfgT exam does. CMfgE candidates must also have eight years of combined education and manufacturing-related work experience, with a minimum of four years of work experience.

Certified Engineering Manager (CEM): The Certified Engineering Manager Certificate is also designed for engineers with eight years of combined education and manufacturing experience. The test is four hours long and has 160 multiple-choice questions. The CEM certification exam covers business processes, teamwork, responsibility, and other management-related categories.

Job prospects (Govt and private) and job demand in the market
APPSC in AP conducts examinations for various production or manufacturing engineering jobs to be recruited in state government. Central Govt recruits some production engineers through UPSC Engineering Services Exam. BHEL, BDL, DRDL, NSTL, HAL, HCL, NFC, BARC, ISRO, DMRL, Midhani, RCI, ARCI are the Govt. PSUs recruiting production engineers.

Top Companies: Mahindra and Mahindra, L&T, Brakes India, Ashok Leyland, Maruthi, Nissan, Hyundai, InfoTech, Infosys, GTRE, General Motors Corporation, Ford Motor Company, Chrysler, Boeing, Gates Corporation and Pfizer, Airbus, Daimler, BMW, Fiat, Navistar International, and Michelin Tyre. Any software company may be TCS, Cap Gemini, CTS, Deloitte, Infosys, Wipro,

Industries where production engineers are generally employed include:
  • Aerospace industry
  • Automotive industry
  • Chemical industry
  • Computer industry
  • Electronics industry
  • Food processing industry
  • Garment industry
  • Pharmaceutical industry
  • Pulp and paper industry
  • Toy industry
Job profiles
As a Design Engineer, Product development manager, Analyst, CAE Engineer, FEA analyst, CFD designer, Manager, Scientist B, Project Manager, Project Analyst, Project Lead, Manufacturer, Software analyst

Salary for the successful candidates: Salary ranges between 3 lakhs and 10 lakhs per annum.

Research Areas
Flexible manufacturing systems, Computer integrated manufacturing, Friction stir welding, Product Design, MEMS (Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems), Lean Manufacturing, Intelligent Manufacturing Systems, Green Manufacturing, Precision Engineering, Smart Materials, etc

Other Famous Institutes:
  • NIT Agartala, Calicut, Durgapur, Jamshedpur, Kurukshetra, Rourkela, Tiruchirapalli,
  • School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi
  • Indian Institute of Carpet Technology, Bhadohi
  • IIT Kanpur, Delhi, Roorkee, Bombay
  • Delhi Technological University

Dr P. Ravinder Reddy
Professor and Head
Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
CBIT, Hyderabad.
Published date : 20 Jun 2015 05:19PM

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