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When do we use the punctuation marks?

Punctuation is very important in any language. Wrong punctuation can lead to wrong meaning. There are 16 punctuation marks in English grammar, and at minimum, one of them has to appear in every sentence to make it easily understood.

When do we use the following punctuation marks?
Comma ( , )
The comma is used to indicate a short pause. It is also used:
a) for words, phrases, and clauses in a series.
Eg. "Gandhiji, the Father of the Nation, died on 30th January , 1948."
"Apples, mangoes and bananas are my favourites."
b) When you address a person.
Eg. "Yes, Sir."
c) To separate numbers, dates and address. Eg. I was born on 9th August, 1990.
d) When two persons, things or other elements are contrasted, the two are separated by a comma.
Eg. I meant Raj, not Robin.
e) Direct quotations are marked by comma. Eg. She said, "I'm sorry."

The Apostrophe (' )
This item was given earlier. But reproduced briefly.
It is used to indicate possessive [యొక్క] case i.e., to say something
belongs to someone. E.g. Rajasekhar's bag
In the case of plural nouns ending with 's' there is no need to add 's' after the apostrophe.
e.g. boys' bags, girls' books
In the case of other plural nouns NOT ending with "s'' both the apostrophe and "s'' are used.
e.g. children's park, women's hostel
In the case of proper nouns [సర్వనామాలు] ending with 's' both the apostrophe and 's' are used. e.g. Thomas's dairy; Biswas's brother; Srinivas's wife
The Apostrophe is also used to indicate missing letters in contracted [సంక్షిప్త] forms.
e.g. He won't do it. (will not)
We shan't do such things (shall not)
Bread 'n butter is the sole reason for learning English. (and)
I'm hungry. (I am) She's three. (She is/ has)
Don't use the Apostrophe with 'it' in possessive [యొక్క అనే అర్థం] cases.
The dog licked its paw. The horse lifted its leg.
But ''it is''అనే అర్థంలో వాడినప్పుడు (’) వాడాలి
It's of no use going there. (It is) It's a metal rod in it. (It has)
Also don't use the Apostrophe with yours.
Yours sincerely, Yours faithfully, Yours truly….
Published date : 13 Nov 2019 03:49PM

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