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The Gerund [జెరండ్‌]

జెరండ్‌జెరండ్ అంటే ఒక క్రియా రూపానికి '-ing' కలిపి 'noun' లాగా వాడితే దాన్ని gerund అంటారు. A gerund is the -ing form of a verb that functions the same as a noun. For example, 'Smoking is bad for health.' D వాక్యంలో, 'smoking' is the gerund. It acts just like a noun.

Functions of Gerunds
· Gerunds as Subject
(Eg.Dancing makes Swati happy.)
· Gerunds as direct Object
(Eg. I hate smoking.)
· Gerund as Indirect Object
(Eg. The doctor diagnosed drinking as the cause of his liver problem.)
· Gerund as Subject Complement.
(Eg. It was smoking that caused him the lung cancer.)
· As object of Preposition
(Eg. Besides dancing, Swati likes singing.)
కాబట్టి, -ing form ని Continuous formsలోనే కాకుండా, పై విధంగా వాడవచ్చు.
GerundV> వాడగలిగిన కొన్ని ముఖ్యమైన Verbsను పరిశీలిద్దాం.

The following verbs can be followed by either the infinitive or the gerund with no change in meaning.
begin can't stand
continue dread
hate like
love prefer

He started to study after dinner. OR He started studying after dinner.
Sarika hates to ride her old bicycle to school. OR Sarika hates riding her old bicycle to school.

Verbs that are always followed by the gerund
admit resist can’t help
quit resume consider
recall risk practice
regret suggest delay
report appreciate deny
resent avoid enjoy
finish miss

» Jani admitted stealing the jewels.
» We enjoyed seeing them again after so many years.
Negative వాక్యాల్ని చేసేటప్పుడు , negative particleని gerund ముందు పెట్టకూడదు. These sentences are made negative by adding the negative particle not before the infinite or gerund.
» You shouldn't risk entering the building in its present state.
» Would you mind not smoking here, please? Smoking is not permitted here.
» We regretted not going to the party last night.
Published date : 09 Jan 2020 05:04PM

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