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2nd June, 2023 Current Affairs

2nd June, 2023 Current Affairs
2nd June, 2023 Current Affairs

The Bureau of Indian Standards introduces 31 Indian standards related to Ayush

  • Encompassing 30 herbs and one product, the stainless steel neti pot. In line with this initiative, BIS has established an additional department with a dedicated focus on Ayush, further strengthening its standardisation framework.
  • The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS)  has recently introduced 31 Indian standards related to Ayush, encompassing 30 herbs and one product, the stainless steel neti pot. In line with this initiative, BIS has established an additional department with a dedicated focus on Ayush, further strengthening its standardisation framework.
  • BIS also has initiated efforts to formulate international standards in collaboration with the International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO). A Working Group on 'Traditional Medicine' has been established within the ISO/TC-215 'Health Informatics' as well. The Ayush Ministry said that with the globalisation and increasing usage of traditional systems of medicine, the need for national and international standards for Ayush systems has become imperative

EAM S Jaishankar urges BRICS countries to make sincere efforts to reform UN Security Council, combat terrorism

  • External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar has called upon BRICS nations to demonstrate their sincerity in reforming multilateral institutions including of the United Nations Security Council.
  • The global environment today, demands that the BRICS nations approach key contemporary issues seriously, constructively, and collectively.
  • The gathering must send out a strong message that the world is multipolar, that it is rebalancing, and that old ways cannot address new situations.
  • Among the key threats to international peace and security is that of terrorism.
  • The External Affairs Minister said, all nations must take resolute measures against this menace, including its financing and propaganda. It must be combated in all its forms and manifestations and never be condoned under any circumstances.
  • At the heart of the problems we face, is economic concentration that leaves too many nations at the mercy of too few. This may be regarding production, resources, services or connectivity.
  • India undertook the Voice of the Global South exercise to place these issues before the G20.
  • India urges that BRICS give it consideration and promote the economic decentralization that is so essential to political democratization.

Four IAF Rafale fighter jets of carried out drill in Indian Ocean Region

  • The Rafale is a 4.5-generation aircraft and has helped India regain its supremacy over Indian sub-constituent skies with long-range air-to-air and air-to-ground missiles along with advanced radar and electronic warfare capabilities.
  • Four Rafale fighter jets of the Indian Air Force carried out a drill in the Indian Ocean Region, in a significant demonstration of their long-range combat capabilities.
  • The exercise was carried out a few days ago, but the IAF shared the details on Wednesday. The exercise is seen as important in the Indian Ocean Region. The Indian Ocean serves as a strategic bridge with the nations in India's immediate and extended maritime neighbourhood.
  • The national and economic interests of India are inseparably linked with the Indian Ocean. The role of India in the region is evident in its vision of 'SAGAR ', which means ocean and stands for "Security and Growth for all in the region".
  • The mission lasted six hours and involved mid-air refueling of the Rafales that have significantly boosted the capabilities of the IAF.
  • The Indian Air Force inducted the Rafale fighter aircraft in 2020 only a few months after the stand-off with China started and was quickly operationalized.
  • The Rafale is a 4.5-generation aircraft and has helped India regain its supremacy over Indian sub-constituent skies with long-range air-to-air and air-to-ground missiles along with advanced radar and electronic warfare capabilities.

India, now member of Centralised Laboratory Network (CLN)

  • India has recently become a member of the Centralized Laboratory Network (CLN), a global collaboration aimed at testing vaccines during pandemic and epidemic disease outbreaks. The CLN, which is part of the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI), consists of 15 partner facilities from 13 countries.
  • India, known for its expertise in medical research, has joined the Centralized Laboratory Network. The Indian Council of Medical Research-National Institute of Virology (ICMR-NIV) is among the new members contributing to the global efforts in testing vaccines for emerging infectious diseases.
  • The primary objective of the CLN is to conduct rigorous testing of potential vaccines during pandemics and epidemic outbreaks. By establishing standardized methods and materials, the CLN ensures that vaccine candidates are evaluated rapidly and accurately, identifying the most promising options for further development

Recep Tayyip Erdogan winner of Turkish presidential run-off: Supreme Election Council

  • In Turkiye, Turkish Supreme Election Council has officially declared Recep Tayyip Erdogan as the winner of the presidential election runoff with 52.18 percent of the votes.
  • Erdogan was re-elected as the president in the runoff polls where he contested against the presidential nominee of the Turkish opposition bloc Kemal Kilicdaroglu, 74, leader of the centreleft Republican People's Party (CHP). Kilicdaroglu had 47.82 percent of the votes.
  • The presidential runoff was held on 28th May after neither of the candidates secured over 50 percent of votes in the 14th May elections. Erdogan will take oath in parliament on Saturday and then announce his new cabinet.

India and Nepal sign seven agreements in various fields including trade and commerce, cross - border petroleum pipeline, development of Integrated Check Posts and hydroelectric project

  • India and Nepal today signed seven agreements in the fields including trade and commerce, cross-border petroleum pipeline, development of Integrated Check Posts, hydroelectric projects and payment mechanisms.
  • The agreements were signed after delegation-level talks between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Nepal Prime Minister Pushpa Kamal Dahal Prachanda in New Delhi.
  •  During the deliberations, both leaders reaffirmed their commitment to boosting the Indo-Nepal relationship in areas of the economy, energy, infrastructure, education and people-to-people contacts.
  • Both Prime Ministers jointly flagged off the Indian Railway cargo train from Bathnaha to Nepal Customs yard. They also inaugurated an integrated Check Post between Rupaidiha-Nepalgunj and Sunauli-Bhairahawa. They also laid the foundation stone of the Motihari-Amlekhguj Oil Pipeline - Phase 2 project. The two leaders also initiated the construction work of the Gorakhpur-New Butwal sub- station 400 kv cross-border transmission line.
  • Nepal Prime Minister Pushpa Kamal Dahal Prachanda lauded India's economic and developmental transformation under the leadership of Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The relationship between India and Nepal is age-old and multifaceted.
  • The Prime Minister of Nepal arrived in New Delhi yesterday on a four-day official visit to India. This is his first bilateral visit abroad after assuming office in December last year. The visit continues the tradition of regular high-level exchanges between India and Nepal in furtherance of India's Neighbourhood First policy.
  • India-Nepal bilateral relations have significantly strengthened in the last few years in all areas of cooperation. The visit of the Nepalese Prime Minister underscores the importance given by both sides to adding further momentum to the bilateral partnership. Mr Prachanda will visit Ujjain and Indore tomorrow.

UPI hits record 9 billion transactions worth Rs 14 lakh crore

  • The Unified Payments Interface UPI registered record more than nine billion transactions last month amounting to over 14 lakh crore rupees.
  • According to the National Payments Corporation of India NPCI, UPI recorded a total 9.41 billion transactions in May 2023.
  • UPI had recorded 8 billion transactions in January this year, followed by 7.5 billion in February, 8.7 billion in March, and 8.89 billion in April. In Financial Year 2022-23, the payment system processed a total of 83 billion transactions, amounting to a value of 139 lakh crore rupees.
  • India's homegrown payments system Unified Payments Interface UPI is one of the globally accepted payment systems and has emerged as a trusted payment mode ever since its launch in 2016.

India conducts successful training launch of Agni-1 ballistic missile

  • A successful training launch of a Medium-Range Ballistic Missile, Agni-1 was carried out by the Strategic Forces Command from APJ Abdul Kalam Island in Odisha.
  • The missile is a proven system, capable of striking targets with a very high degree of precision. It said, the user training launch successfully validated all operational and technical parameters of the missile.

India lift Men’s Junior Asia Cup for fourth time, defeating Pakistan in Oman

  • In Hockey, the Indian hockey team defeated arch-rivals Pakistan in the final of the Men's Junior Asia Cup 2023 2-1 at the Sultan Qaboos Youth Complex Stadium in Salalah, Oman last night. With this title win, India become the most successful country in the history of the Men's Junior Asia Cup.
  • Angad Bir Singh and Araijeet Hundal Singh scored for the champions before Pakistan got one goal through Basharat Ali's strike. This was India’s fourth title at Men's Junior Asia Cup, having won it previously in 2004, 2008 and 2015. Pakistan are the second-most successful team in the tournament with three titles but their last win came 27 years ago in 1996.


11th Edition of the World of Work Report

  • The International Labour Organisation (ILO) has released its 11th edition of the World of Work report, providing insights into the projected global unemployment rates and the need for social protection. As the world recovers from the impact of the pandemic, it is crucial to address the disparities in employment opportunities and foster economic stability.
  • According to the ILO, the projected global unemployment rate for 2023 is expected to fall below pre-pandemic levels, reaching 5.3%, which corresponds to approximately 191 million individuals. While this indicates a positive trend, it is essential to consider the varying degrees of recovery among different regions and income groups.
  • The report highlights regions that have successfully reduced their unemployment rates below pre-crisis levels. Latin America and the Caribbean, northern, southern, and western Europe, and central and Western Asia have demonstrated resilience in their labor markets, with unemployment rates ranging from 6.3% to 6.7%, showing a positive recovery trend.
  • Low-income countries face significant obstacles in closing the jobs gap. The report reveals that the jobs gap rate for these countries stands at a staggering 21.5%. Furthermore, this rate has increased from 19.1% in 2005 to 21.5% in 2023, highlighting the persistent employment challenges they encounter.
Published date : 02 Jun 2023 06:13PM

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