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Special Education and Careers

Handicapped, Challenged, Disabled..., with Special ability.., or Differently abled… the terms of description have varied over decades. But the needs of physically and mentally challenged have remained unmet. Some have acquired this organ inability by birth, while others acquired accidentally and incidentally at times. Premature deliveries and genetical-disorders have even raised the numbers high. Expressing the regular hunger is a difficulty for them. Learning interactions is far more painful.

Role of the Special Education Teachers is crucial in understanding and assimilating these specially-abled children into regular society. They need to understand the intricate difficulties of these young minds and train them for better. The state of Andhra Pradesh has 25 different colleges, with over 2,500 seats, training the professionals in special education with Diploma, PG Diploma, Bachelors and Masters Programmes every year. They are contributing to the society. Still, more are needed.

Lack of skilled Personnel:
According to the statistics of World Health Organisation (WHO), 11 per cent of the world population is challenged with disability and 3.6 per cent of them are deaf and dumb. A huge number of skilled personnel are needed to train them. Rehabilitation Council of India (RCI) estimates a need of 4,500 personnel in speech and audiology department and 10,000 special teachers in India itself. But the sever scarcity of skilled personnel is making most of them disabled for life.

Increasing Concerns:
The growing needs have raised the concerns of too. It needs special skills and training to engage in educating the physically and mentally challenged. Catering to these needs, various universities and institutes have come up with academic programmes to make trained professionals in special education. Governments have also facilitated the students in availing fee reimbursement and scholarships for these programmes. This in-turn has attracted more students in taking up these programmes.

Academic Programmes:
The RCI accreditates various Diploma, PG Diploma, Graduate, Post Graduate Programmes and Certificate Courses in special education by different institutions. The subjects of these programme include - Visual Impairment, Hearing Impairment, Mental Retardation, Learning Disability, Rehabilitation Engineering/ Technology, Prosthetics, Orthotics, Community Based Rehabilitation, Rehabilitation Psychology, Clinical Psychology, Speech and Hearing, Locomotion and Cerebral palsy , Autism Spectrum and Disorder, Rehabilitation therapy, Rehabilitation social Work and Rehabilitation Administration are few categories in which the programmes are offered.

Certificate courses:
Certificate Course in Prosthetics and Orthotics, Certificate Course in Rehabilitation Therapy, Certificate Course in Care Giving.
Eligibility: Matriculation or Equivalent/ ITI/ 10+2

Diploma Programmes:
Diploma in Childhood Special education (Visual Impaired), Diploma in Information Assistive Technology for Instructors of Deaf Blind and Deaf with Low Vision, Diploma in Teaching Young (Deaf and Hard of Hearing), Diploma in Indian Sign Language and Interpreting (Level A, B and C), Diploma in Childhood Special education (Mental Retardation), Diploma in Vocational rehabilitation (Mental Retardation), Diploma in Prosthetics and Orthotics, Diploma in Community Based Rehabilitation, Diploma in Hearing Language and Speech, Diploma in Hearing Aid Repair and Hear Mould Technology, Diploma in Basic Development Technology, Diploma in Rehabilitation Therapy, DED Special Education (Visual Impaired), DED Special Education (Deaf and Blind), DED Special Education (Deaf and Hard of Hearing), DED Special Education (Mental Retardation), DED Special Education (Cerebral Palsy), DED Special Education (Autism Spectrum)

Duration: One Year
Eligibility: 10+2 or Equivalent
Admission: Admission in to few programmes is based on the merit of score in the qualifying exam. Others, how ever, follow norms prescribed by the institute or university.

Programmes of Bachelor Degree:
Bachelors of Mobility Science (B.M.Sc.), BA, B.Ed. (Visual Impaired), B.Ed. Special Education (Visual Impaired), B.Ed. Special Education (Hearing Impaired), B.Ed. Special Education (Mental Retardation), B.Ed. Special Education (Learning Disabilities), B.Sc. (Special Education and Rehabilitation), Bachelors of Prosthetics and Orthotics, Bachelors of Audiology and Speech Language Therapy, B.Ed. Special Education (Locomotion and Neurological Disorders), Bachelors in Rehabilitation Science.

Duration for B.Ed. Progarmme: One Year
Eligibility: Any Graduation
Admission: Admission in to few programmes is based on the merit of score in the qualifying exam. Others, how ever, follow norms prescribed by the institute or university.

PG Programmes:
M.Ed. Special Education (Visual Impaired), M.Ed. Special Education (Hearing Impaired), M.Ed. Special Education (Mental Retardation), MA in Disability Studies, M.Sc. Disability Studies (Early Intervention), Masters in Prosthetics and Orthotics, Masters in Audiology and Speech Language Therapy, Masters in Rehabilitation Science, M.Sc. Psycho Social Rehabilitation, Masters in Rehabilitation Administration.

Duration for M.Ed. Programmes: One Year
Eligibility: B.Ed. Special Education
Admission: Admission in to few programmes is based on the merit of score in the qualifying exam. Others, how ever, follow norms prescribed by the institute or university.

PG Diploma Programmes:
PG Diploma in Early Intervention, PG Diploma in Special education, PG Diploma in Rehabilitation Engineering, PG Diploma in Special education (Multiple Disabilities: Physical and Neurological), PG Diploma in Development Therapy (Multiple Disabilities: Physical and Neurological), PG Diploma in Disability Rehabilitation and Management.

Admission and Eligibility to these programmes is in accordance with the norms of respective universities.

Programmes in Distance Mode:
B.Ed. Special Education (HI/VI/MR/ML and CP), PG Professional Diploma in Special Education (One year programme fro In-service teachers only), PG Diploma in Community Based Rehabilitation Planning and Management, PG Diploma in Disability for Doctors, Diploma in Community Based Rehabilitation, Foundation course in Special Education (3 Moths), M.Ed. Special education, PG Diploma in rehabilitation Psychology.

Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Open University (DBRAOU), Hyderabad and Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU), New Delhi offers these programmes in distance mode.

Special Education Institutions in AP
Details of Institutes, Colleges, fees, professional Courses and Programmes related Rehabilitation and Special Education are available at Rehabilitation Council of India (RCI) website

Here are the institutes that are offering programmes on rehabilitation in Andhra Pradesh:
  • Takur Hariprasad Institute of Research and Rehabilitation for the Mentally Handicapped, Vivekananda Nagar, Dilsukhnagar, Hyderabad.
  • Sweekar academy of rehabilitation Sciences at Secunderabad, YSR Kadapa, Guntur and Tandur.
  • Department of Special Education, Andhra University, Vishakhapatnam.
  • Sri Padmavati Women’s University. Tirupati
  • College for Teacher education, Andhra Mahila Sabha, Osmania University, Hyderabad.
  • Navajeevan Residential Special School for the Deaf, Nandyala, Karnool.
  • Durgabai Deshmukh Vocational Training and Rehabilitation Centre, Vidyanagar, Hyderabad.
  • National Institute for the Mentally Handicapped Campus, Manovikas Nagar, Secunderabad.
Special Education Institutions at National Level
Following are the some of the reputed special education institutions at national level -
  • Indian Institute of Health Education & Research, Patna
  • Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Deonar, Mumbai
  • Deepalaya Mansik Swasthya Evam Viklang Punarvas Sansthan, Purnia, Bihar
  • National institute for the Mentally Handicapped, Kasturba Niketan, New Delhi
  • Institute for Special Education, Y.M.C.A., New Delhi
  • Dept. of Teacher Training & Non Formal Education, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi
  • Pandit Deendayal Upadhayaya Institute for the Physically Handicapped, New Delhi
  • J.M. Institute of Speech & Hearing, Patna
  • AWH Special College, Kallai, Calicut
  • National Association for the Welfare of the Physically Handicapped, Amravati
  • National Institute for the Orthopaedically Handicapped, Calcutta
  • Anandniketan, Burdwan
  • National Institute for the Mentally Handicapped, Kolkata
  • Indian Institute of Cerebral Palsy, Kolkata
  • B.M. Institute of Mental Health, Ashram Road, Ahmedabad
  • Ankur’ Special School for Mentally Retarded, Bhavnagar
  • Smt. P.N.R.S (Talajwala) Society for Relief & Rehabilitation of the Disabled, Bhavnagar
  • All India Institute for Speech & Hearing, Mysore
Increasing importance for programmes and course on the rehabilitation:
The demand for special courses is increasing day by day. Both the government and corporate sectors show rising avenues of employment. Feel and courtesy of servicing along earning employment has attracted enthusiasts for these programmes. For instance, the number of people with hearing difficulties is growing. The scarcity of speech and audiology experts is severe. Andhra Mahila Sabha offers a two year programme of D. Ed. (Hearing Impaired and Mentally Retard and) with 25 available seats every year, which in past use to go vacant. The same in recent years are getting filled in no time.

- P. Krishnaveni, Principal,
College of Teacher Education,
Andhra Mahila Sabha, Hyderabad.

Innumerous prospects for employment:
It needs tremendous amounts of compassion and patience to work with the physically challenged and mentally retarded. One needs to dwell in to the minds of theses delicate kids and mould them to normal. The number of children with born disability is growing day by day. But the available personnel at service have remained stagnant. Consequently, the students are getting jobs at immediate completion of the course. The avenues of this employment have risen than usual. The starting pay bands are attractive. Some even are finding jobs abroad. Others are joining hospitals and NGOs. A few have started their own practice too. Even the government is providing special training to the deaf, dumb and mentally retard through Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan. All it needs is little skill and patience. One can make a bright career in this field too.

-Dr. Hanumantha Rao,
Chairman, Sweekar-Upakar
Published date : 13 Sep 2013 03:31PM

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