Skip to main content

Each of the two boys will get a prize

In the last session we have seen a few tips. Let us study a few more basics in this session to become more adept in answering the questions pertaining to various sections.
  • The relative pronoun 'who' is used for persons only.
    The man who is honest succeeds in his life.
  • 'Which', is used for animals and for things without life.
    The horse which Sujith bought last year is white.
    The moment which is lost is lost forever.
  • 'That', is used for persons, animals and things.
    This is the house that Jane built.
    The man that you are looking for has come.
    This is the horse that carried me here.
  • 'What' refers to things only. Its antecedent is always hidden.
    This is what I want.
  • The word 'as' is used as a relative pronoun after such and sometimes after the same.
    This is not such a good book as I expected.
    My answer is the same as yours.
  • The word 'but' after a negative is equivalent to who not or which not, but it is used only in nominative.
    There was no one present but shed tears
  • Gerund if preceded by a pronoun that Pronoun must be in Possessive case.
    He emphasized me going there. (Incorrect)
    He emphasized my going there. (Correct)
  • A Verb when preceded by a Preposition must be the Gerund.
    They were punished for come late. (Incorrect)
    They were punished for coming late. (Correct)
  • When the subordinate clause comes after 'lest', the auxiliary Verb 'should' must be used, whatever be the tense of the verb in the main clause.
    Ex: We start early lest we shall miss the bus. (Incorrect)
    We start early lest we should miss the bus. (Correct)
  • An Adverb or Adverbial phrase should not be placed between 'to' and verbal part of the infinitive.
    I hoped to immediately reply to your letter. (Incorrect)
    I hoped to reply immediately to your letter. (Correct)
  • Adjectives of quantity show how much of a thing is meant. Adjectives of quantity (some; much, little, enough, all, no, any, great, half, sufficient, whole) are used for Uncountable Nouns only.
    I ate a few rice. (Incorrect)
    I ate some rice. (Correct)
  • Numeral Adjectives are used for Countable Nouns only and they show how many persons or things are meant or in what order a person or thing stands.
    I have taught you little things. (Incorrect)
    I have taught you a few things. (Correct)
  • When cardinal and ordinal are used together ordinal precedes the cardinal.
    The five first girls will be given the chance. (Incorrect)
    The first five girls will be given the chance. (Correct)
  • Later, latest refer to time, latter and last refer to position.
    I reached at 11 am. But he was latter than I expected. (Incorrect)
    I reached at 11 am. But he was later than I expected. (Correct)
  • Farther means more distant or advanced; further means additional.
    He insisted on farther improvement. (Incorrect)
    He insisted on further improvement. (Correct)
  • Each is used in speaking of two or more things, every is used only in speaking of more than two.
    Every of the two boys will get a prize. (Incorrect)
    Each of the two boys will get a prize. (Correct)
  • To express quantity or degree some is used in affirmative sentences, any in negative or interrogative sentences.
    Have you bought some apples? (Incorrect)
    Have you bought any apples? (Correct)
  • In comparing two things, the Comparative should be used; the Superlative should not be used.
    Which is the best of the two? (Incorrect)
    Which is the better of the two? (Correct)
  • When two qualities of the same person or thing are compared, the Comparative in '-er' is not used. 'More' is used for this purpose.
    He is wiser than brave. (Incorrect)
    He is more wise than brave. (Correct)
  • When comparison is made by means of a comparative, the thing compared should be excluded from the class of things with which it is compared by using 'other' or some such word.
    He is cleverer than any boy in the class. (Incorrect)
    He is cleverer than any other boy in the class. (Correct)
  • When comparison is made by means of a superlative, the thing compared should include the class of things with which it is compared.
    He is the strongest of all other men. (Incorrect)
    He is the strongest of all men. (Correct)
  • When two persons or things are compared, it is important that the same parts of things should be compared.
    The population of Mumbai is greater than Calcutta. (Incorrect)
    The population of Mumbai is greater than that of Calciutta. (Correct)
  • Double comparatives and superlatives should not be used.
    He is the most cleverest boy in the class. (Incorrect)
    He is the cleverest boy in the class. (Correct)
  • The comparative Adjectives superior inferior, senior, junior, prior, anterior, posterior prefer, etc., should be followed by 'to' instead of 'than'.
    He is senior than me. (Incorrect)
    He is senior to me. (Correct)
Practice test
  1. Even though some possess (1)/ the flexibility to change their opinions, (2)/ most people vary (3)/ in his or her willingness to listen to reason.(4)/ No error (5)
  2. For the robber trying to decide (1)/ between getaway cars (2)/ every car up for consideration (3)/ pose their own set of problems. (4)/ No error (5)
  3. Her and her family members (1)/ like to stay in a hotel room (2)/ and play board games (3)/ whenever they take a trip. (4)/ No error (5)
  4. There is usually an atmosphere (1)/ of heated competition surrounding (2)/ Raju and I, especially (3)/ when we compete for the final exams. (4)/ No error (5)
  5. When it comes to me (1)/ studying for the IBPS, (2)/ 'concentration' is my (3)/ middle name. (4)/ No error (5)
  6. When one first begins to play tennis (1)/ it's important to work (2)/ on your serve (3)/ and wield your racket well. (4)/ No error (5)
  7. If we cannot effect these changes (1)/ we shall suffer from the fate (2)/ of the dinosaurs who (3)/ could not live on dry land. (4)/ No error (5)
  8. I'm fatter than his, (1)/ which is good, (2)/ because it means that (3)/ I will win this wrestling match. (4)/ No error (5)
  9. Jason is a (1)/ better archer (2)/ than (3)/ them. (4)/ No error (5)
  10. Even though Jane created a petition (1)/ to protest the election (2)/ of a criminal, (3)/ there is many people who refused to sign. (4)/ No error (5)
  11. Atop my ice cream, (1)/ a mass of (2)/ whipped and sprinkles (3)/ sits two cherries. (4)/ No error (5)
  12. Neither (1)/ preserved Juice (2)/ nor Salad measure (3)/ up to fresh fruits. (4)/ No error (5)
  13. Nobody, (1)/ not even me (2)/ are excited (3)/ about the weekend. (4)/ No error (5)
  14. On Saturday afternoon, (1)/ I laid in (2)/ the sun for an hour, (3)/ working on my tan. (4)/ No error (5)
  15. At swimming pools (1)/ this summer, (2)/ the heat will have brought (3)/ hundreds of people to bathe in tepid chlorine. (4)/ No error (5)
  16. If I was queen,(1)/ I would (2)/ never have to (3)/ study for any test. (4)/ No error (5)
  17. Pam never liked (1)/ eating pork, (2)/ drinking wine, or to go (3)/ to a cock tail party. (4)/ No error (5)
  18. There was a (1)/ time when people (2)/ described Africa like (3)/ a dark continent. (4)/ No error (5)
  19. This paper's (1)/ going pretty good, (2)/ although I am not sure (3)/ I'll be done on time. (4)/ No error (5)
  20. No matter (1)/ how careful kites (2)/ are flown, (3)/ they often get tangled in trees. (4)/ No error (5)
  21. The fascinating (1)/ TV special shows how (2)/ quick the hungry tiger (3)/ can devour her prey. (4)/ No error (5)
  22. Of the (1)/ two cars I drive, (2)/ I like the (3)/ Chevrolet the best. (4)/ No error (5)
  23. In my family, (1)/ Scrabble usually causes two or more (2)/ family members to engage in a screaming match, (3)/ thus preventing the game to be completed. (4)/ No error (5)
  24. Jane recently(1)/moved to(2)/a brand new (3)/apartment in 10th street.(4)/No error(5)
  25. While the principal (1)/ of the college is mild-mannered, (2)/ the vice-principal is often accused (3)/ to be too harsh with the students. (4)/ No error (5)
  26. If you supervised it, (1)/ the whole operation (2)/ would have been (3)/ very easy. (4)/ No error. (5)
  27. By constant discovery and invention (1)/ man has so far covered up the fact (2)/ that the supply of natural resources (3)/ may soon run down. (4)/ No error. (5)
  28. It not matter that he failed (1)/ what does matter is (2)/ that he is worried about (3)/ his failure. (4)/ No error (5)
  29. Neither of (1)/ these trees (2)/ have (3)/ green leaves. (4)/ No error (5)
  30. Among the daughters (1)/ of Ram (2)/ Kamala is inferior (3)/ than Sita in intelligence. (4)/ No error (5)
  31. During the depression (1)/ half the machines (2)/ in the factory (3)/ were lazy.(4)/ No error
  32. I am sorry I wasn't at home (1)/ when you come; (2)/ I had gone to congratulate (3)/ for his success in the election. (4)/ No error (5)
  33. I am quite certain (1)/ that he (2)/ can be able (3)/ to do the job. (4)/ No error (5)
  34. The country is trying (1)/ to achieve (2)/ self-sufficiency on the food-front (3)/ for the past four decades. (4)/ No error (5)
  35. Can you tell us (1)/ what do (2)/ you read in your (3)/ spare time? (4)/ No error (5)
1) 4; 2) 4; 3) 1; 4) 3; 5) 1;
6) 3; 7) 2; 8) 1; 9) 4; 10) 4;
11) 4; 12) 3; 13) 3; 14) 2; 15) 3;
16) 1; 17) 3; 18) 3; 19) 2; 20) 2;
21) 3; 22) 4; 23) 4; 24) 4; 25) 4;
26) 1; 27) 1; 28) 1; 29) 3; 30) 4;
31) 4; 32) 2; 33) 3; 34) 1; 35) 5.
Published date : 04 Jul 2014 12:11PM

Photo Stories