4th September, 2023 Current Affairs
Gujarat Declaration’ released
- World Health Organization (WHO) has released the outcome document of first WHO Traditional Medicine Global Summit 2023 in form of “Gujarat Declaration”. The declaration reaffirmed global commitments towards indigenous knowledges, biodiversity and traditional, complementary and integrative medicine. WHO underlined that the application of rigorous scientific methods is needed to better understand, assess and, where appropriate, apply more holistic, context-specific, complex and personalized approaches for health and well-being for all.
- It reiterates that India as host of the WHO Global Traditional Medicine Centre at Jamnagar, Gujarat has an important role in scaling up WHO’s capacities to support member states and stakeholders in taking forward the summit action agenda and other relevant priorities.
- The action points of two day WHO Traditional Medicine Global Summit 2023 held at Gandhinagar, Gujarat are based on the evidence, discussions and outcomes presented at the Summit. Deliberation were done on varied topics like Health and well-being of people and the planet, research and evidence, universal health coverage, primary health care and health systems, Data & routine information systems, digital health frontiers, biodiversity and sustainability, human rights, equity and ethics.
43rd ASEAN summit in Jakarta to be held from 5th to 7th September
- The 43rd Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) summit in Jakarta will be held from 5th to 7th of this month. The meeting comes amid heightened tensions in the South China Sea, after China released a new map laying claims over large swathes disputed by some ASEAN members, triggering protests by these states.
- Singapore Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong will lead a delegation to the summit where the bloc’s leaders will discuss the crisis in Myanmar, among other issues.
- Singapore’s Prime Minister’s Office said in a statement today that ASEAN leaders will discuss ways to ensure the bloc’s continued relevance and centrality in the evolving regional architecture. The leaders will also discuss strengthening ASEAN integration and expanding collaboration in key areas such as the digital and green economies.
US President Joe Biden to trip to India this week
- US President Joe Biden has said that he is looking forward to his trip to India this week. Biden was talking to reporters in Rehoboth Beach, Delaware in US.
- The US President will visit India from 7th to 10th of this month for bilateral meeting with Prime Minister Narendra Modi and to participate in G20 summit, followed by a trip to Vietnam.
- Chinese President Xi Jinping is unlikely to attend the G-20 Summit in Delhi scheduled on 9th and 10th of this month, Biden said that he is disappointed to hear this. Without elaborating he added that he was going to get to see him. Bilateral ties between the United States and China face a long list of problems, from trade disputes to Taiwan’s future to the expansive Chinese presence in the South China Sea. The United States has been working to restore a more effective working relationship.
Total value of ₹2000 banknotes received back from circulation is ₹3.32 lakh cr up to August 31, 2023: RBI
- Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has said that the total value of ₹2000 banknotes received back from circulation is ₹3.32 lakh crore up to August 31, 2023.
- According to a Press note, 93 percent of the ₹2000 banknotes in circulation as of May 19, 2023, have since been returned. RBI stated that data collected from major banks indicates that out of the total banknotes in ₹2000 denomination received back from circulation, about 87 percent is in the form of deposits.
- The remaining 13 percent has been exchanged into other denomination banknotes. RBI appealed to citizens to utilize the remaining period until September 30, 2023 to deposit or exchange the ₹2000 banknotes held with them.
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
ISRO successfully completes first earth-bound manoeuvre to raise orbit of India's maiden solar mission Aditya L1
- Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has successfully performed the first earth-bound manoeuvre of the country's maiden solar mission, Aditya L1, from its Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network in Bengaluru.
- ISTRAC successfully carried out the Earth-bound maneuver and the spacecraft has attained a new orbit of 245 kms by 22,459 kms. It added that the satellite is healthy and operating normally.
- The next maneuver is scheduled on Tuesday around 3 am Indian Standard Time. The satellite will undergo four Earth bound orbital manoeuvres before placing in the transfer orbit towards the Lagrange point L1 in 125 days. Aditya L1 mission will provide information on Solar corona and conduct in-situ observations of the solar wind at L1 also known as Lagrange Point-1 which is about 1.5 million kilometres away from Earth. The Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle C57 had successfully launched Aditya L1 spacecraft on Saturday.
India beat Pakistan in penalty shootout, wins Men’s Hockey 5s Asia Cup
- India were crowned Asian Hockey 5s champions after beating Pakistan 6-4 after penalty shootouts in the final on Saturday. This is the first time in three meetings that India have beaten Pakistan in the Hockey 5s format.
- From 2-4 down in the second half, India took the game to the shootout after two goals from Mohammed Raheel. In the shootout, Pakistan missed all their chances while Maninder Singh hit the hammer in the coffin to score India's second goal in the shootout.
- India thrashed Malaysia 10-4 in the semifinals.
- Pakistan reached the final after defeating Oman 7-3.
In Football, Mohun Bagan beat East Bengal 1-0 to lift Durand Cup 2023 in Kolkata
- Mohun Bagan clinched the Durand Cup 2023 trophy beating East Bengal 1-0 at the Salt Lake Stadium in Kolkata.
- Mohun Bagan won the 132nd Durand Cup for the first time in 23 years. Registering this victory, Mohun Bagan SG has become the first team in the history of Durand Cup to win 17 titles.
- East Bengal are the second-most successful team in the Durand Cup, and has 16 titles under its name. Earlier, Mohun Bagan had made it to the Durand cup finals in 2004, 2009 and 2019, but, could not register a victory back then.