20th June, 2022 Current Affairs
Government clears the appointment of new chief justices in 5 high courts
- Government has cleared the appointment of new chief justices in five high courts. Law and Justice Ministry has notified the appointment for Uttarakhand, Telangana, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan and Gauhati. Justice Vipin Sanghi of the Delhi High Court will be appointed as the Chief Justice of the Uttarakhand High Court, while Justice Ujjal Bhuyan of Telangana High Court to Chief Justice of Telangana High Court.
- Justice Amjad Ahtesham Sayed of the Bombay High Court will take over as the Chief Justice of Himachal Pradesh High Court and Justice Shinde Sambhaji Shiwaji of Bombay High Court has been apointed as the Chief Justice of the Rajasthan High Court. Justice Rashmin M Chhaya of the Gujarat High Court has been appointed as the Chief Justice of the Gauhati High Court. The Ministry said, Telangana High Court Chief Justice Satish Chandra Sharma has been appointed to the Delhi High Court.
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French President Emmanuel Macron loses Majority in the Parliament
- French President Emmanuel Macron’s centrist alliance Ensemble was projected to lose its majority despite getting the most seats in the final round of the parliamentary election yesterday, while the far-right National Rally appeared to have made big gains.
- The projections, which are based on partial results, show that Macron’s candidates would win between 200 and 250 seats, much less than the 289 required to have a straight majority at the National Assembly, France’s most powerful house of parliament.
- A new coalition, made up of the hard left, the Socialists and the Greens, is projected to become the main opposition force with about 150 to 200 seats.
- National Rally is projected to register a huge surge with potentially more than 80 seats, up from eight before.
- Polling was held nationwide to select the 577 members of the National Assembly.
- According to the Interior Ministry, the legislative elections are contested between three blocs that were leading the first round race, namely President Macron's centrist alliance Ensemble, left-wing alliance NUPES led by Jean-Luc Melenchon and far-right party National Rally led by Marine Le Pen who lost the presidential election to Macron in a run-off in April.
- Mr Macron had more than 300 seats in the outgoing parliament.
Hamza Abdi Barre appointed as PM of Somalia
- Somalia’s President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud has appointed a former chairman of the Jubbaland state election commission, Hamza Abdi Barre as the Prime Minister. The 48-year-old Hamza Abdi Barre from the semi-autonomous state of Jubaland replaced Mohamed Hussein Roble. Barre served in a number of public and political roles and from 2011 to 2017 was secretary-general of the Peace and Development Party (PDP), the precursor to the Union for Peace and Development (UDP) now led by Mohamud.
- Mohamud won the presidency for the second time in May, having previously served from 2012 to 2017, after a long-delayed election that took place against a backdrop of the worst drought in 40 years and a bloody armed rebellion.
After several years, India able to win favourable WTO outcome
- Despite a strong global campaign against Indian farmers and fishermen, India was able to secure a favourable outcome at the WTO after many years, commerce and industry minister Piyush Goyal told the media after the conclusion of the 12th ministerial conference — the WTO (World Trade Organisation)‘s highest decision-making body .
- Piyush Goyal described the conference as a ‘outcome-oriented success’, saying the Indian team, led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, was “100% successful” in expressing the top concerns for India and the developing nations to the world.
- Piyush Goyal also stated that a few countries try to launch a bogus campaign, claiming that India is recalcitrant, preventing progress.
- The concerns presented by India, on which the Prime Minister had urged to focus, are now recognised by the entire world as the correct agenda, with India playing a key role in achieving all answers.
- The world order has not been shattered because to India’s attempts to bring members together to debate concerns regardless of the prevailing geopolitical order. There have been no fishing restrictions that will constrain India’s artisanal and traditional fishermen in the future.
- India has been a complete success; no conditions or limits have been imposed on India or the government; rather, we have been effective in imposing controls on illicit fishing, under-reporting, and outside regulation.
China Becomes the Largest Importer of Indian Broken Ric
- China has emerged as the largest importer or buyer of broken rice from India. China takes over the largest importer of broken rice in India, which were the African countries. During the pandemic, China took the lead as the largest importer of broken rice in India. 7.7 percent has been imported to China which is 16.34 lakh metric tonnes, and India’s total export is 212.10 Lakh metric tonnes in the year 2021-2022.
- According to the analysis of the trade, out of 16.34 LMT, 96 percent of the rice exported to China was broken rice. China has become the top buyer of broken rice from India. The total export for basmati and non-basmati altogether was 212.10 LMT in 2021-2022, which is 19.30 percent higher than the earlier export in 2020-2021 which stood at 177.79 LMT. During this time export of broken rice to China from India increased from 3.31 LTM to 16.34 LMT.
Science and Technology
Fujian, China’s third most advanced domestically built aircraft carrier launched.
- China launched its third aircraft carrier, the country’s most modern and first “completely domestically made” naval warship, as an aggressive Beijing pushed to expand its navy’s range in the key Indo-Pacific area. The ‘Fujian’ aircraft carrier was launched at a brief ceremony at Shanghai’s Jiangnan Shipyard, according to official media reports from the eastern metropolis.
- According to the state-run Xinhua news agency, the Fujian is China’s first domestically designed and built catapult aircraft carrier.
- Due to the COVID lockdown of Shanghai, the ship’s launch was delayed by two months. It was supposed to be launched on April 23, around the time of the People’s Liberation Army Navy’s 73rd anniversary (PLAN).
World’s biggest plant discovered off Australian coast
- The world’s largest living plant has been identified in the shallow waters off the coast of Western Australia. The sprawling seagrass, a marine flowering plant known as Posidonia australis, stretches for more than 112 miles (180 kilometers) in Shark Bay, a wilderness area protected as a World Heritage site.
- Using genetic testing, scientists have determined a large underwater meadow in Western Australia is in fact one plant. It is believed to have spread from a single seed over at least 4,500 years. The seagrass covers about 200 sq km.
- The plant is so large because it clones itself, creating genetically identical offshoots. This process is a way of reproducing that is rare in the animal kingdom although it happens in certain environmental conditions and occurs more often among some plants, fungi and bacteria.
Neeraj Chopra to lead 37-member athletics team for CWG 2022
- Neeraj Chopra will be leading a 37-member Indian athletics team at the upcoming Commonwealth Games, the Athletics Federation of India announced. The Tokyo Olympics gold medallist will be the flag bearer in Birmingham as star sprinters like Hima Das and Dutee Chand booked their berth for the Games that will be held from July 28 – August 8.
- The selection committee picked up all the expected athletes for CWG with zero surprises. Out of 37 members, 18 are women. The star sprinters Hima Das and Dutee Chand reserved their berths in the women’s 4x100m relay team. The selectors also named a men’s 4x400m relay team. Amoj Jacob has been selected for the men’s 4x400m relay team.
Historic torch relay for 44th Chess Olympiad launched by Prime Minister in New Delhi
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the historic torch relay for the 44th Chess Olympiad at Indira Gandhi Stadium in New Delhi. This year, for the very first time, International Chess Federation, FIDE, has instituted the Chess Olympiad Torch, a part of the Olympic tradition. India is the first country to have the Chess Olympiad Torch Relay.
- FIDE President Arkady Dvorkovich handed over the torch to Prime Minister, who in turn handed it over to Grandmaster Vishwanathan Anand. This torch will be taken to 75 cities in a span of 40 days before the final culmination at Mahabalipuram near Chennai. At every location, chess grandmasters of the state will receive the torch. The 44th Chess Olympiad will be held in Chennai from 28th July to 10th August, 2022.