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Sub-Pronoun Agreement: Pronoun విషయంలో తప్పులు ఎందుకు చేస్తారు?

Pronouns అంటే సర్వనామాలు. అవి నామవాచకాల (nouns) స్థానంలో వస్తాయి. వాటిలో ఏక వచన, బహు వచన సర్వనామాలు ఉంటాయి

Singular (ఏకవచన)

Plural (బహువచన)

I we
he, she, it they
him, her them
his, her, hers, its their, theirs
himself, herself, itself themselves
  • The couple bought the house last week. Now it belongs to them.
  • You are old enough to dress yourself. (No need to take help of the others.)
  • I found the ring that I thought I had lost.
    ('which' also can be used in place of 'that')
    Sub -Verb agreement లాగానే, Pronoun కూడా సబ్జెక్టుతో సరిపోవాలి.
    Pronoun తప్పుగా వాడకూడదు.
  • Raghava Rao has to be used with the pronoun he or his.
  • Sahaja has to be used with the pronoun she or her.
  • Rajani and her kids has to be used with they.
మరి ఇది ఇంత సులభం అయినప్పుడు, pronoun విషయంలో చాలా మంది ఎందుకు తప్పులు చేస్తారు? ఎందుకంటే, వాక్యం పొడుగైన కొద్దీ సబ్జెక్టు, ఉపయోగించవలసిన pronoun మధ్య దూరం పెరిగిపోతుంది. అప్పుడు పక్కన ఉన్నవాటితో జత పరచాలని అనిపిస్తుంది. దాంతో తప్పులు దొర్లుతాయి.
ఉదాహరణకు..
Chameleon changes its skin colour to blend with the surroundings in order to protect themselves from the predators. (itself should be used in place of themselves.) ఇందులో సబ్జెక్టుకు pronounకి మధ్య 13 పదాలున్నాయి. కాబట్టి తప్పు దొర్లుతుంది.
  • Every student should invariably bring their his Hall Ticket to the examination centre.
  • Everybody should take his seat.
Some nouns have very typical pronouns. For example, for ship (she), baby (it), nature, spring (she)
కింది వాక్యాలను Sub-Pronoun Agreement లో చూడండి.
1. The ship at last dropped its her anchor after a long voyage.
పై వాక్యంలో its బదులు her ఉపయోగించాలి.
2. Those of you who smoke should have our your lungs x-rayed periodically.
పై వాక్యంలో our బదులు your ఉపయోగించాలి.
3. Although their visas expire by the end of the month, they can it them renewed for another 3 months.
పై వాక్యంలో it బదులు them ఉపయోగించాలి.
4. Tree frogs have the ability to change the colour of its their surroundings in order to camouflage with the surroundings.
పై వాక్యంలో its బదులు their ఉపయోగించాలి.
5. Let me carry these bags myself.
పై వాక్యంలో me ఉపయోగించాలి.

కింది వాక్యాలను సరైన pronouns తో పూరించండి.
  1. Several passengers of the Titanic died because there were not adequate lifeboats on ____.
  2. The baby does not want anyone to touch ____ toys.
  3. If everyone picked up a single piece of litter every day, ____ would discover that the city would become a much cleaner place.
  4. Not only the teachers but also the Principal donated ____ one day salary to pay the fee of the poor students.
  5. The mare kicked ____ rider hard.
  6. Mr. Pai, the officer ____ is responsible for distribution of farm loans, has gone out of town this week.
  7. My twenty-six-year-old brother still prizes a catapult because ___ is a relic from his happy childhood.
  8. In this office, everyone minds ___ work.
  9. The farm looks tidy because of the neatly arranged rows and the palm trees planted in each of ____ .
  10. Can ___ tell me where ___ can find a good vegetarian restaurant?
Key
 1. her (Ships are feminine)
 2. its (Baby is a neutral gender)
 3. they (Everyone is a plural number)
 4. their (plural number )
 5. her   (Because mare is female.  Stallion is male. Horse is neutral.)
 6. who
 7. it
 8. their (NOT his)
 9. them (NOT it)
 10. you, I
Published on 6/18/2019 12:23:00 PM

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