Highlights of the Economic Survey 2018-19


The Survey is inspired by Gandhiji's Talisman: “…Recall the face of the poorest man [woman], and ask yourself, if the step you contemplate is going to be of any use to him [her]
Current Affairs
  • Survey sees FY20 GDP growth at 7%, higher growth on stables macros. The real GDP growth projection reflects a recovery in the economy after a deceleration in the growth momentum in 2018-19. Growth is expected to pick up in 2019-20 as macroeconomic conditions continue to be stable while structural reforms initiated in the previous few years are continuing on course.
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  • India needs to grow at 8% per year to be $5 trillion economy by FY25.
  • Investment the "key driver" of simultaneous growth in demand, jobs, exports & productivity
  • Green shoots in investment activity seems to taking hold.
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  • Rural wages growth seems to have bottomed out and has started to increase since mid-2018. Further growth in rural wages should help spur rural demand.
  • One of the biggest hurdles to the economy is poor enforcement of contracts and dispute resolution. Steps to speed up legal process should be top priority.
  • Savings & growth are positively co-related. Savings must increase more than investment.
  • Indian MSMEs need to be freed from shackles that convert them into dwarfs. MSMEs need to be seen as a source of innovation, growth and job creation.
  • Investment rate seems to have bottomed out.
  • Jan-March has seen economic slowdown due to poll related activity.
  • NBFC stress reason for FY19 slowdown.
  • Decline in NPAs should push up CAPEX cycle.
  • General fiscal deficit seen at 5.8% in FY19 VS 6.4% in FY18. General fiscal deficit is defined as the balance of income and expenditure, and includes the deficit of the central and state governments.

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  • Investment rate seen higher in FY20 on improved demand.
  • Oil prices seen declining in FY20.
  • Accommodative MPC policy to help cut real lending rates.
Published on 7/4/2019 2:24:00 PM

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